Adyghea lies in south-east Europe in the north foothills of the Caucasus Mountains, with plains in the north, and mountains in the south. Forests cover almost 40% of its territory.

* Area: 7,600 square kilometres (2,934 sq mi)

* Borders: Adyghea is entirely surrounded by Krasnodar Krai

* Highest point: Chugush Mountain 3,238 metres (10,623 ft)


The 870 kilometres (541 mi) long Kuban River is one of the major navigable rivers in the Caucasus region. It forms part of the northern border between Adyghea and Krasnodar Krai. Other rivers include:

* Belaya River

* Chokhrak River

* Dakh River

* Fars River

* Khodz River

* Kisha River

* Bolshaya Laba River (forming part of the eastern border between Adyghea and Krasnodar Krai)

* Psekups River

* Pshish River

* Sakhray River

* Sukhoy Kurdzhips River, which flows near the archaeological site at Mezmayskaya Cave


There are no large lakes in the republic. There are, however, several large reservoirs, including:

* Krasnodarskoye Reservoir

* Shapsugskoye Reservoir

* Tshchitskoye Reservoir

* Oktyabrskoye Reservoir


The republic's major mountains range in height from 2,000 to 3,238 m and include:

* Chugush Mountain 3,238 metres (10,623 ft)

* Mount Fisht 2,868 metres (9,409 ft)

* Oshten Mountain

* Pseashkho Mountain

* Shepsi Mountain

Natural resources

The republic is rich in oil and natural gas. Other natural resources include gold, silver, tungsten, and iron.


* Average January temperature: ?0.5 °C (31.1 °F)

* Average July temperature: +23 °C (73.4 °F)

* Average annual precipitation: 70 centimeters (27.6 in)